Michel Simon

1895-1975

Biography

Michel Simon photo

Michel Simon was born in Geveva, Switzerland, in 1895, the son of a sausage-maker. He was conscripted into the Swiss army in 1914 but was expelled on account of his ill health and unruly behaviour. He then worked as a boxer, photographer and odd-job man, before deciding that his future lay in entertainment.

Simon began his acting career in theatre in 1920 as a walk-on, before moving to Paris in 1923. There he quickly made a name for himself, appearing on stage with stars Louis Jouvet and Pitoëff. In 1925 he played Boudu, one of the roles for which he is now best known, in the stage play, with great success.

Michel Simon's illustrious film career began with small parts in silent films of the 1920s. It was not until 1931, when he starred in Jean Renoir's La Chienne, that he won public recognition. Unfortunately this film, along with Jean Vigo's L'Atalante and Renoir's Boudu sauvé des eaux, were poorly received at the time (athough all three are now regarded as classic masterpieces). But this did not harm Simon's career one bit. His larger than life personality, impeccable comic timing and great repertoire (including tramp, sadistic crook, failed actor, and much more) made him attractive to film directors and he was rarely out of work throughout the 1930s. He became the most instantly recognisable and popular actor of his generation.

During the 1950s, Simon was partly paralysed after an accident involving makeup. Although his workload steadily decreased as a result, he continued to appear in films right up to his death in 1975. However it is probably for his role as Père Jules in Vigo's L'Atalante that he will be best known: the slightly roguish, ageing barge-man with a heart of gold.

After a full life, in which he made no secret of his love for animals and women,  he died in a hospital near to Paris, practically alone at the age of 80. He will be remembered not just as a great actor and personality, but as one of the founding fathers of French cinema. To find out more about Michel Simon, visit the website of the association  "Les Amis de Michel Simon", which is dedicated to keeping alive the memory of one of France's greatest actors : http://amichelsimon.free.fr/

The above article was submitted to filmsdefrance.com in good faith and should not be reproduced in any medium without the author's permission.

Filmography

Key: a = actor

La Galerie des monstres (1924) [a]

La Vocation d'André Carel (1925) [a]

Feu Mathias Pascal (1926) [a]

L'Inconnue des six jours (1926) [a]

Casanova (1927) [a]

La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc (1928) [a]

Tire au flanc (1928) [a]

Pivoine (1929) [a]

L'Enfant de l'amour (1930) [a]

Jean de la Lune (1931) [a]

La Chienne (1931) [a]

On purge bébé (1931) [a]

Baleydier (1932) [a]

Boudu sauvé des eaux (1932) [a]

Du haut en bas (1933) [a]

Léopold le bien-aimé (1933) [a]

Miquette et sa mère (1933) [a]

Adémaï au moyen âge (1934) [a]

L'Atalante (1934) [a]

Lac aux dames (1934) [a]

Le Bonheur (1934) [a]

Amants et voleurs (1935) [a]

Le Bébé de l'escadron (1935) [a]

Jeunes filles de Paris (1936) [a]

Le Mort en fuite (1936) [a]

Les Jumeaux de Brighton (1936) [a]

Moutonnet (1936) [a]

Sous les yeux d'occident (1936) [a]

Boulot aviateur (1937) [a]

Drôle de drame (1937) [a]

Faisons un rêve (1937) [a]

La Bataille silencieuse (1937) [a]

Le Choc en retour (1937) [a]

Mirages (1937) [a]

Belle étoile (1938) [a]

La Chaleur du sein (1938) [a]

Le Quai des brumes (1938) [a]

Le Règne de l'esprit malin (1938) [a]

Le Ruisseau (1938) [a]

Les Disparus de Saint-Agil (1938) [a]

Les Nouveaux riches (1938) [a]

Naples au baiser de feu (1938) [a]

Circonstances atténuantes (1939) [a]

Derrière la façade (1939) [a]

Eusèbe député (1939) [a]

Fric-Frac (1939) [a]

La Fin du jour (1939) [a]

Le Dernier tournant (1939) [a]

Noix de coco (1939) [a]

Cavalcade d'amour (1940) [a]

Ecco la felicità (1940) [a]

Les Musiciens du ciel (1940) [a]

Paris-New York (1940) [a]

Il Re si diverte (1941) [a]

Tosca (1941) [a]

La Comédie du bonheur (1942) [a]

Una signora dell'ovest (1942) [a]

Au bonheur des dames (1943) [a]

Vautrin (1944) [a]

Un ami viendra ce soir (1946) [a]

La Taverne du poisson couronné (1947) [a]

Les Amants du pont Saint-Jean (1947) [a]

Non coupable (1947) [a]

Panique (1947) [a]

La Carcasse et le tord-cou (1948) [a]

Fabiola (1949) [a]

La Beauté du diable (1950) [a]

La Poison (1951) [a]

Les Deux verités (1951) [a]

Brelan d'as (1952) [a]

Das Geheimnis vom Bergsee (1952) [a]

La Fille au fouet (1952) [a]

Le Chemin de Damas (1952) [a]

Le Rideau rouge (1952) [a]

Monsieur Taxi (1952) [a]

Femmes de Paris (1953) [a]

L'Étrange désir de Monsieur Bard (1953) [a]

La Vie d'un honnête homme (1953) [a]

Le Marchand de Venise (1953) [a]

Saadia (1953) [a]

Par ordre du tsar (1954) [a]

Tempi nostri (1954) [a]

Ungarische Rhapsodie (1954) [a]

L'Impossible Monsieur Pipelet (1955) [a]

La Joyeuse prison (1956) [a]

Mémoires d'un flic (1956) [a]

Les Trois font la paire (1957) [a]

Es geschah am hellichten Tag (1958) [a]

Un certain Monsieur Jo (1958) [a]

Die Nackte und der Satan (1959) [a]

Austerlitz (1960) [a]

Candide ou l'optimisme au XXe siècle (1960) [a]

Pierrot la tendresse (1960) [a]

Le Bateau d'Émile (1962) [a]

Le Diable et les dix commandements (1962) [a]

Cyrano et d'Artagnan (1964) [a]

Il mondo di notte numero 3 (1964) [a]

The Train (1964) [a]

Ecce Homo (1965) [a]

Deux heures à tuer (1966) [a]

Ce sacré grand-père (1967) [a]

Le Vieil homme et l'enfant (1967) [a]

Contestazione generale (1970) [a]

La Maison (1970) [a]

Blanche (1971) [a]

La Più bella serata della mia vita (1972) [a]

L'Ibis rouge (1975) [a]

Le Boucher, la star et l'orpheline (1975) [a]

Carné, l'homme à la caméra (1985) [a]

Citizen Langlois (1995) [a]




Awards

Michel Simon won 1 Berlin International Film Festival award for: Le vieil homme et l'enfant (1967, Silver Berlin Bear: Best Actor).



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